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In Joslin Trial, Asian Americans Lower Insulin Resistance On Traditional Diet

A 16-week randomized clinical trial held at the Joslin Diabetes Center attempted to tackle questions such as, “Why are Asian Americans at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than Caucasian Americans, and prone to develop the disease at lower body weights?” The results of the trial demonstrated that rigorously controlled traditional Asian diets were capable of reducing insulin resistance in both Asian Americans and Caucasian Americans at risk of type 2 diabetes. Asian Americans experienced greater increases in insulin resistance than Caucasian Americans when both groups consumed typically western food. This difference, according to the senior author of the study, may lie in the transition from traditional high-fiber, low-fat Asian diets to current westernized diets, which may pose extra risks for those of Asian heritage.

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